Documents sur la réponse aux situations d'urgence et aux catastrophes publiques

Les urgences, les catastrophes et les maladies infectieuses, comme tous les facteurs stressants de la vie, mettent à l’épreuve votre capacité d’adaptation. Que nous l’apprenions par la télévision ou qu’il nous touche de façon plus personnelle, un événement stressant peut nous bouleverser, susciter des sentiments de peur et d’anxiété, tant pour notre propre sécurité personnelle que celle de nos proches et de notre collectivité. Les événements stressants peuvent aussi réveiller des sentiments et des souvenirs d’événements traumatisants du passé qui viennent amplifier la détresse ressentie.

Dans cette optique, la Société canadienne de psychologie (SCP) et son personnel cadre s’est engagé dans diverses activités de planification de l’état de préparation en cas d’urgence.

La SCP a corédigé et/ou publié divers documents sur la réponse aux situations d’urgence et aux catastrophes publiques.

Ressources de la SCP

Faire face aux événements stressants

Fires

La Grippe A (H1N1) et la pandémie d'influenza

Floods

Earthquakes

Tsunamis

SRAS

Disaster Resources for Health Care Providers Who Care for Seniors

Natural disasters and human-caused catastrophes negatively and disproportionately affect older adults. Two new resources are available – free and on-line – for health care providers, teams, and organizations that provide services to vulnerable older adults. These resources target the needs of older adults who are frail and those who have dementia, including nursing home residents.   

  • Special Concerns of Older Adults Following a Disaster
  • Psychosocial Issues for Older Adults in Disasters (Chapter 3)
  • Recovering Emotionally from Disaster (APA)
  • Recovering Emotionally from Disaster (also available in French) (Red Cross)
  • Psychologist Maggie Gibson, co-chair of the International Working Group on Seniors and Disasters: Health Care Providers and Continuity of Health Services (sponsored by the Public Health Agency of Canada Division of Aging and Seniors), recently led the development of a four-module e-learning resource titled Frailty, Dementia and Disasters: What Health Care Providers Need to Know. The objectives of this user-friendly training resource are to raise awareness of: the disproportionate vulnerability of older adults who are frail and those who have dementia in emergencies and disasters; the components of the emergency management cycle and how they apply to this population; best practice resources; and the role of health care organizations and providers in emergency management for older adults who are frail and who have dementia. The e-learning resource (in both English and French) is available with open access at: www.dementiaknowledgebroker.ca/emergency-management.
  • Nursing home residents are at particular risk for experiencing adverse outcomes after
    disasters because of mental health problems or compromised physical health status. Because nursing home residents usually do not stay in public shelters and are evacuated to other facilities where they can receive needed skilled nursing care, residents typically do not have interaction with responders and relief workers who provide psychological first aid. To address this gap in care, the Psychological First Aid Field Operations Guide for Nursing Homes, funded by Psychology Beyond Borders, was developed by Psychologist Lisa Brown and colleagues for nursing home staff to use with residents. Psychological First Aid Field Operations Guide for Nursing Homes, Second Edition is now available from the University of South Florida. The second edition, like the first, reflects a multidisciplinary approach to care. Changes made to the new edition broaden the scope of how, when, and where the intervention is applied. Three new sections have been added: palliative care and end-of-life issues; behavioral interventions for people with dementia; and use of psychological first aid to help older adults deal with significant life changes, events, or losses. To download a copy, visit:  http://amhd.cbcs.usf.edu/docs/PFA2ndEd_Final.pdf 

Resources on Psychosocial Planning During Emergencies

Plan canadien de lutte contre la pandémie d'influenza 

Plan fédéral d'intervention d'urgence du Canada