About Kenneth and Mamie Clark
Kenneth & Mamie Phipps Clark were psychologists famous for their 'doll experiment'. Their findings, that even black children showed preference for white dolls from as early as three years old, played a role in outlawing segregation.
The Clarks testified in the Briggs vs. Elliott case that challenged school segregation in South Carolina in 1952. That case later became one of five that were combined into the more famous Brown vs. Board of Education two years later.
Mamie was the director of the Northside Center for Child Development for three decades, and Kenneth was the first Black president of the American Psychological Association