CPA Resources Relevant to Ethical Issues

Canadian Psychological Association. (1996/2001/2017). Guidelines for Non-Discriminatory Practice.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/CoEGuidelines_NonDiscPract2017_Final.pdf
Version français ici https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/LD_nondiscrim_2017_FR.pdf
Approved by the Board of Directors of the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) in 1996 (Updated 2001, 2017).

Canadian Psychological Assocation. (1992/2001/2017). Practice Guidelines for Providers of Psychological Services.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/CoEGuidelines_PracticeProvPsych2017_Final.pdf
Version français ici https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/LD_Pratique_2017_FR.pdf
Approved by the Board of Directors of the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) in 1989 (Updated 1992, 2001, 2017).

Canadian Psychological Association. (2009/2017). Ethical Guidelines for Supervision in Psychology: Teaching, Research, Practice, and Administration.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/CoEGuidelines_Supervision2017_final.pdf
Version français ici https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/LD_Supervision_2017_FR.pdf
Approved by the Board of Directors of the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) in 2009 (Updated 2017).

Canadian Psychological Association. (2007/2017). The CPA Section on Women and Psychology (CPA-SWAP). Guidelines for Ethical Psychological Practice with Women.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/CoEGuielines_Women2017_final.pdf
Version français ici https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/LD_Pratavecfemmes_2017_FR.pdf
Approved by the Board of Directors of the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) in 2007 (Updated 2017).

Canadian Psychological Association, CPA Section of Psychologists in Education. (2007). Professional Practice Guidelines for School Psychologists in Canada. 48 pp.
http://cpa.ca/cpasite/UserFiles/Documents/publications/CPA%20Guideline%20Practice.pdf

Sinclair, C. (2005). Code Comparison: The Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists Compared With The APA and ASPPB Codes. 131 pp.
http://cpa.ca/cpasite/UserFiles/Documents/publications/operationsmanual.pdf

Simner, M.L. (Approved by the Board of Directors, 1994). Recommendations by the Canadian Psychological Association for Improving the North American Safeguards that Help Protect the Public Against Test Misuse. 26 pp.
http://cpa.ca/cpasite/UserFiles/Documents/publications/TestMisuse.pdf


Articles relating to the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists

In Special Issues of Canadian Psychology

Aubé, N. (2011). Ethical challenges for psychologists conducting humanitarian work. Canadian Psychology, 52, 225-229.
https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/a0024342

Booth, R. (1998). Have code. Will travel. Canadian Psychology, 39, 239-240.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0092311

Corriveau, R. (1998). Les psychologues québécois et le Canadian code of ethics [Quebec psychologists and the Canadian code of ethics]. Canadian Psychology, 39, 219-220.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0092489

Dixon, B. (1998). The Canadian Code: A model for ethical code development. Canadian Psychology, 39, 241-242.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086814

Dobson, K. S., & Breault, L. (1998). The Canadian Code of Ethics and the regulation of psychology. Canadian Psychology, 39, 212-218.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086810

Dunbar, J. (1998). A critical history of CPA’s various codes of ethics for psychologists (1939-1986). Canadian Psychology, 39, 177-186.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086806

Frankel, M. S. (1998). Comments on the 1991 CPA Code of Ethics. Canadian Psychology, 39, 242.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0092312

Gauthier, J. (2011). Déontologie et éthique. La pertinence pour le Québec du code Canadien d’éthique pour les psychologies [Deontology and ethics: The differences between the Québec Code and the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists]. Canadian Psychology, 52, 169-175.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024472

Hadjistavropoulos, T. (2011). Empirical and theory-driven investigations of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Canadian Psychology, 52, 176-179. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023798

Lindsay, G. (1998). The first decade of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Canadian Psychology, 39, 242-243.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0092313

Malloy, D. C., & Hadjistavropoulos, T. (1998). A philosophical value analysis of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Canadian Psychology, 39, 187-193.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086807

Malone, J. L., & Dyck, K. G (2011). Professional ethics in rural and northern Canadian psychology. Canadian Psychology, 52, 206-214.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024505

McCarron, M. C. E., & Stewart, D. W. (2011). A Canadian perspective on using vignettes to teach ethics in psychology. Canadian Psychology, 52, 185-191.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024504

Nairn, R. (1998). NSCBI and the Canadian Code of Ethics. Canadian Psychology, 39, 243.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086815

Nicholson, I. R. (2011). New technology, old issues: Demonstrating the relevance of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists to the ever-sharper cutting edge of technology. Canadian Psychology, 52, 215-224.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024548

Ogloff, J. R. P., & Olley, M. C. (1998). The interaction between ethics and the law: The ongoing refinement of ethical standards for psychologists in Canada. Canadian Psychology, 39, 221-230.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086811

O’Neill, P. (1998). Review of The law, standards of practice, and ethics and ethics in the practice of psychology (Review of the book, The law, standards of practice, and ethics and ethics in the practice of psychology, by D. R. Evans.) Canadian Psychology, 39, 244-245.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.174-1617.2004.tb00670.x

O’Neill, P. (1998). Teaching ethics. The utility of the CPA code. Canadian Psychology, 39, 194-201.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086808

O’Neill, P. (2011). The evolution of research ethics in Canada. Current developments. Canadian Psychology, 52, 180-184.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024391

Pettifor, J. L. (1998). The Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists: A moral context for ethical decision-making in emerging areas of practice. Canadian Psychology, 39, 231-238.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086812

Pettifor, J. L. (1998). Voices from beyond: Comment from other countries: Introduction. Canadian Psychology, 39, 239.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0092486

Pettifor, J. L., Ferrero, A., Allan, A., Hernández-Guzman, L., Seymour, F., Aanonson, A.-M., Odland, T., Watts, A. D., Korkut, Y., & Pope, K. (2011). International contributions of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists: Voices from abroad. Canadian Psychology, 52, 230-235.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024390

Pettifor, J. L., McCarron, M. C. E., Schoepp, G., Stark, C., & Stewart, D. W. (2011). Ethical supervision in teaching, research practice, and administration. Canadian Psychology, 52, 198-205.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024549

Pettifor, J. L., & Sinclair, C. (1998). Special issue on the Canadian code of ethics for psychologists. Canadian Psychology, 39, 165.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0092488

Pettifor, J. L., & Sinclair, C. (2011). Introduction to special issue. Canadian Psychology, 52, 149-151.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024568

Richard, H. C. (2011). La déontologie et l’éthique dans le context de l’exercice de la profession de psychologue au Québec [Deontology and ethics in the context of the exercise of the occupation of psychologist in Quebec]. Canadian Psychology, 52, 162-168.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024547

Sinclair, C. (1998). Nine unique features of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Canadian Psychology, 39, 167-176.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086805   (Reprinted in Companion Manual to the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists, CPA, 2017.
https://cpa.ca/aboutcpa/committees/ethics/companion/)

Sinclair, C. (2011). The evolution of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Canadian Psychology, 52, 152-161.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024471 (Reprinted in Companion Manual to the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists, CPA, 2017.
https://cpa.ca/aboutcpa/committees/ethics/companion/)

Stark, C. (1998). Ethics in the research context: Misinterpretations and misplaced misgivings. Canadian Psychology, 39, 202-211.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086809

Stark, C. (2011). The application of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists to teaching: Mandatory self-disclosure and alternatives in psychology courses. Canadian Psychology, 52, 192-197.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024546

Wassenaar, D. L. (1998). Ethical codes in South African psychology: Contribution of the Canadian code. Canadian Psychology, 39, 240-241.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086813

By Members of CPA Committee on Ethics in Other Issues of Canadian Psychology

Eberlein, L. (1990). Client records: Ethical and legal considerations. Canadian Psychology, 31, 155-166.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0078894

Pettifor, J. L. (1989). Did Hamlet need a Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists? Canadian Psychology, 30. 708-711.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0079847

Pettifor, J. L. (2004). Personal reflections on 60 years of psychology: Many roads to truth. Canadian Psychology, 45, 11-15.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086967

Sinclair, C. (2017). Ethics In psychology: Recalling the past, acknowledging the present, and looking to the future. Canadian Psychology, 58, 20-29.
https://doi.org/10.1037/cap0000086

Sinclair, C., Poizner, S., Gilmour-Barrrett, K., & Randall, D. (1987). The development of a code of ethics for Canadian psychologists. Canadian Psychology, 28, 1-11.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0079883 (Reprinted in Companion Manual to the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists, CPA, 2017.
https://cpa.ca/aboutcpa/committees/ethics/companion/)

By Members of CPA Committee on Ethics in Other Publications

Eberlein, L. (1987). Introducing ethics to beginning psychologists.: A problem-solving approach. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 18, 353-359.
https://doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.18.4.353

Pettifor, J. L. (1994). Ethics and social justice in program evaluation: Are evaluators value-free? Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 10, 138-146.
https://doi.org/10.1177/082957359501000206

Pettifor, J. L., Sinclair, C., & Strong, T. (2005). The role of dialogue in defining ethical principles: The Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 18, 183-187.
https://doi.org/10.1080/10720530590914833

Roberts, J., Pettifor, J., Cairns, K., & DeMatteo, D. (2000). Serving children with HIV/AIDS in Canadian public schools: An interpretation of the CPA guidelines for non-discriminatory practice. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 15, 41-50 https://doi.org/10.1177/082957350001500204

Sinclair, C. (2020). Developing and revising the Canadian code of ethics for psychology: Key differences from the American Psychological Association code. Ethics& Behavior. Advance online publication.
https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2019.1711094


Ethics Corner Article Archive

Nicholson, I. (2018). Multiple relationships in graduate school. Psynopsis, 40 (4), 26-27.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2019/Psynopsis_Vol40-4.pdf

Madon, S. (2018). Where (and where not) to cite your CPA affiliation or membership. Psynopsis, 40 (1), 28-30.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2018/PsynopsisWinter2018.pdf

Birnie, K. (2017). Ethical Challenges and Guidance for Supervisors in Psychology Regarding Letters of References for Students and Trainees. Psynopsis, 39 (3), 34-37.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2017/PsynopsisSummer2017.pdf

Zinger, I. (2017). Solitary Confinement and Federal Corrections: Recent Changes in Ethical Guidelines for Health Care Professionals and in International Human Rights Obligations. Psynopsis, 39 (2), 33-37.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2017/PsynopsisSpring2017.pdf

Sinclair, C. (2017). Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists, Fourth Edition: Completed and Approved. Psynopsis, 39 (1), 36-39.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2017/PsynopsisWinter2017.pdf

Madon, S. (2016). A Personal Introduction to CPA’s Ethics Officer. Psynopsis, 38 (4), 28-29.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2016/Psynopsis_Fall2016.pdf

Birnie, K. (2015). Addressing Self-Care as Integral in Teaching Professional Ethics to Psychology Graduate Students. Psynopsis, 37 (4), 30-31.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2015/Psynopsis_Fall2015.pdf

Birnie, K. (2015). Avoiding a Generational Clash: Ethical Considerations in Supervising Millennial Psychology Graduate Students. Psynopsis, 37 (3), 53-54.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2015/Psynopsis_Summer2015.pdf

Sinclair, C. (2015). “Good Character” Requirements for CPA Members and Affiliates. Psynopsis, 37 (2), 64.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2015/PsynopsisSpring2015WEB.pdf

Sinclair, C. (2015). Update to CPA’s Rules and Procedures for Dealing with Reports and Complaints of Unethical Behaviour. Psynopsis, 37 (1), 45-46.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2015/PsynopsisWinter2015WEB.pdf

Sinclair, C. (2014). Draft Revision of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Psynopsis, 36 (3), 49.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2014/Psynopsis_Summer2014.pdf

Pettifor, J. (2012). Psychologists Go International on Ethics. Psynopsis, 34 (4), 50.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2012/Psynopsis_Fall2012.pdf

Service, J. (2011). Happy Birthday to our Code of Ethics. Psynopsis, 33 (4), 11.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2011/Psynopsis%20WEB_Fall%202011.pdf

Pettifor, J. (2011). Another First from the Committee on Ethics. Psynopsis, 33 (1), 38.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/PsynopsisWinter2011.pdf

O’Neill, P. (2010). New Consent Rules Proposed for Research Ethics. Psynopsis, 32 (2), 12.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/PsynopsisWeb_Spring2010.pdf

Pettifor, J. & Sinclair, C. (2010). The Significance of CPA’s Ratification of the Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists. Psynopsis, 32 (1), 18.
https://cpa.ca/cpasite/UserFiles/Documents/PsynopsisWinter2010Final.pdf

Pettifor, J. (2009). Ethical Guidelines for Supervision: Another First for CPA. Psynopsis, 31 (4), 4.
https://cpa.ca/cpasite/UserFiles/Documents/PsynopsisFall09Final(1).pdf

Gauthier, J. (2008). The Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists. Psynopsis, 30 (4), 10.
https://cpa.ca/cpasite/UserFiles/Documents/Psynopsis/Psynopsis_Fall08_FinalWeb.pdf

Nicholson, I. (2008). Ethics and CPA. Psynopsis, 30 (2), 6.
https://cpa.ca/cpasite/UserFiles/Documents/Psynopsis_Spring%202008FINAL.pdf

Sinclair, C & Okros, A. (2006). The Canadian Code of Ethics and the Dark Side of Interrogation. Psynopsis, 28 (2), 1.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/2006/Vol28Iss2/2006_28_2_Interrogation_Full.pdf

Sinclair, C., & Pettifor, J. (2001). New companion manual to code of ethics. An excellent resource for Canadian psychologists. Psynopsis, 23 (4), 1, 11.

Pettifor, J. (1995). Virture, Ethics, and Social Sciences. Psynopsis, 17 (2), 2.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1995/Vol17Iss2/1995_17_2_Virtue.pdf

Pettifor, J. (1995). Ethical Decision Making for Social Scientists. Psynopsis, 17 (1),19.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1995/Vol17Iss1/1995_17_1_SocialScientists.pdf

Pettifor, J. (1994). One Calvin and Hobbes and Ethics: Principles vs. Consequences. Psynopsis, 16 (3), 5.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1994/Vol16Iss3/1994_16_3_Principles.pdf

Tymchuk, A. (1994). The Lack of Interest in Ethics and Ethical Decision Making. Psynopsis, 16 (1), 8.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1994/Vol16Iss1/1994_16_1_LackInterest.pdf

Tymchuk, A. (1993). Ethics and Individual Responsibility. Psynopsis, 15 (3), 23.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1993/Vol15Iss3/1993_15_3_Responsibility.pdf

Sinclair, C., & Pettifor, J. (1992). Crisis and conscience. The military and a just society. Psynopsis, 14 (2), 10-11.

O’Neill, P. & Tymchuk, A. (1992). Ethical Response to Past Child Sexual Abuse. Psynopsis, 14 (3), 10.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1992/Vol14Iss3/1992_14_3_ ChildSexualAbuse.pdf

Tymchuk, A. (1991). Government ethics and the Code: Between a rock and a hard place. Psynopsis, 13 (4), 10.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1991/Vol13Iss4/1991_13_4_Government.pdf

Sinclair, C. (1991). Revised Code of Ethics Adopted. Psynopsis, 13 (3), 6.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1991/Vol13Iss3/1993_13_3_Revised.pdf

O’Neill, P. & Tymchuk, A. (1991). Health care studies spark ethics debate. Psynopsis, 13 (1), 8.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1991/Vol13Iss1/1991_13_1_Debate.pdf

Sinclair, C. (1990). Ethics Code under CPA review. Psynopsis, 12 (4), 4.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1990/Vol12Iss4/1990_12_4_Review.pdf

Eberlein, L. (1987). Code of Ethics as Teaching Tool. Psynopsis, 9 (1), 24.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1987/Vol9Iss1/1987_9_1_Tool_Full.pdf

Pettifor, J. (1986). Ethical Stances to External Stresses. Psynopsis, 8 (4), 14.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1986/Vol8Iss4/1986_8_4_ExtStresses_Full.pdf

Pettifor, J. (1986). In the Realm of Ethics. Psynopsis, 8 (3), 14.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1986/Vol8Iss3/1986_8_3_Realm_Full.pdf

Sinclair, C. (1986). Code of Ethics Draft. Psynopsis, 8 (1), 6.
https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Ethics/Archive/1986/Vol8Iss1/1986_8_1_Draft_Full.pdf